U Rwanda Ruzubakwa n'Amaboko y'Abana Barwo Bose

Imigambi y’Ishyaka PRM/MRP-ABASANGIZI

IMIGAMBI Y´┐ŻISHYAKA PRM/MRP-ABASANGIZI (Objectives/Objectifs)

Twe muri PRM/MRP-ABASANGIZI tubona ikibazo cy´┐Żu Rwanda ari System/Systeme mbi y´┐Żubutegetsi n´┐Żabantu bayishyizeho n´┐Żabayikoreramo.Iyo dusesenguye cyane ariko, dusanga ikibazo ari system/systeme kurusha uko cyaba abantu kuko abantu bapfa bagasimburwa n´┐Żabandi ariko System/systeme yo igakomeza uko yari imeze na mbere.

Muri PRM/MRP ABASANGIZI twemerako mu bantu bagize syst´┐Żme mbi y´┐Żimiyoborere hashobora kubonekamo abashobora guhindura imyumvire bagahinduka bagahunga syst´┐Żme mbi, ariko System/systeme yo igakomeza uko yari imeze na mbere, ndetse kenshi ikaba yanagenda iba mbi kurushaho.
Urugero ni nk´┐Żuko system/systeme y´┐ŻIngoma ya Cyami ntutsi yari ishingiye ku ivangurabwoko, igitugu, ikinyoma, uburiganya n´┐Żubuhendanyi, urugomo, akarengane, ubwicanyi, ubwibone, agasuzuguro no kwigwizaho ibyiza by´┐Żigihugu.
Kubera ko iyi system y´┐Żubu butegetsi yamaze imyaka hafi magana ane, byabaye nk´┐Żaho ibaye umuco wa politiki nyarwanda maze ibyo biyiha uburyo bwo kwambukiranya ibihe byose kugeza kuri Repubulika mputu zombi, iya mbere n´┐Żiya kabiri, na Repubulika ntutsi ya mbere iriho ubu nayo ikaba yarabikomeje, ndetse ikabishyiraho n´┐Żakarusho.
Hagiye rero hahinduka abantu gusa ariko umuco mubi w´┐Żubutegetsi bushingiye kw´┐Żivangurabwoko, igitugu, urugomo, kwihimura, iterabwoba n´┐Żubwicanyi wo wikomereza kuba wawundi uko ibihe byagiye bisimburana kugeza ubu.

Twibutse kandi ko n´┐Żubutegetsi bw´┐Żubukoloni ntacyo bwafashije u Rwanda mu gukemura biriya bibazo kuko bwari bushishikajwe gusa no gushimangira system yabwo muri Afurika yari ishingiye ku bintu bine bikurikira´┐Ż:
(1) kwenyegeza imyiryane mu bantu kugirango ubone uko ubategeka,
(2) kudatuma abantu biga amashuli ahanitse yatuma bagira ibyo bakubaza ku mitegekere yawe,
(3) Koza ubwonko abantu ukabumvisha ko nta gaciro bafite imbere yawe, ko indimi zabo, imico yabo, amadini yabo, n´┐Żibindi byabo byose nta gaciro bigira ko ahubwo bagomba gukurikira ibyaduka ubazaniye´┐Ż; no
(4) Gusahura umutungo-kamere wose w´┐Żibyo bihugu.
Ibisigisigi bibi by´┐Żubukoloni na n´┐Żubu ubisanga mu mikorere no mu migenzereze y´┐Żubutegetsi bwa Repubulika zakurikiranye uko ari eshatu mu Rwanda kuva mu 1962 kugeza ubu.

Niyo mpamvu mu migambi yacu tugomba guhindura uriya muco mubi wa politiki n´┐Żubutegetsi nyarwanda, maze nkuko Perezida Barack Obama wa Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika yabivuze, tukagira inzego z´┐Żubutegetsi zikomeye kandi zibereye abenegihugu bose aho kugira abategetsi ngo bakomeye b´┐Żibihangange.

Imigambi dushingiyeho

Kugirango iyi mpinduramatwara ya politiki ishoboke mu Rwanda, ishyaka PRM/MRP-ABASANGIZI ryiyemeje gushingira ku migambi ikurikira:

  • Guharanira ko mu Rwanda hajyaho system/syst´┐Żme ya politiki ishingiye ku mashyaka menshi y´┐Żukuri yigenga, nibura 2 cyangwa se impuzamashyaka 2 zifite porogaramu politiki zitandukanye kugirango bijye biha buri gihe Abanyarwanda guhitamo umurongo wa politiki n´┐Żabayobozi babona ko babereye u Rwanda n´┐ŻAbanyarwanda bose´┐Ż;
  • Guharanira ko mu Rwanda hashyirwaho Itegeko-Nshinga ribereye igihugu cyose n´┐Żabanyarwanda bose, ritadoze nk´┐Żikote ryo kwambika umutegetsi w´┐Żigihangange runaka n´┐Żishyaka rye nkuko byagenze kuva 1962 na n´┐Żubu akaba ariko bikimeze´┐Ż;
  • Gushyira iherezo ku murage n´┐Żumuco mubi wa politiki nyarwanda wo kumena amaraso y´┐Żabanyarwnda, wo kwica, uriho kuva mu kinyejana cya 16 kugeza ubu (reba imvugo nyarwanda igira iti ´┐ŻAkaboko kafashe ingoma kayirekura ari ukobagaciye´┐Ż. Ngiyo politiki y´┐Żu Rwanda!);
  • Gushaka inzira zihariye z´┐Żumwimerere n´┐Żuburyo mu Rwanda haba impinduramatwara ya politiki nyayo mu mahoro nkuko Perezida Mikhail Gorbachev yabigenje bigatuma ashyira iherezo ku ntambara y´┐Żubutita n´┐Żintwaro za kirimbuzi byari bimaze imyaka 55 byaraciye isi mo ibice bibiri byahoraga bishyamiranye, intambara y´┐Żisi yose ihora inuka;
  • Kuvura sosiyete nyarwanda muri rusange irwaye agahurwe (alienation) kari mu moko y´┐Żu Rwanda uko ari atatu, buri bwoko bugafitiye ubundi, kakaba kameze nk´┐Żindwara ya chronique yageze mu maraso noneho kakora ku bwonko gato nko mu 1994 ntumenye uko bigenze jenoside ikaba irabaye, yaba iy´┐Żabatutsi yaba iy´┐Żabahutu;
  • Guhangara sosiyete nyarwanda uko yakabaye yose muri rusange no kuyibaza uruhare rwayo mu mabi yose yabaye mu Rwanda kuva rwabaho kugeza ubu;
  • Guhindura uburyo Politiki zo mu Rwanda zikorwa tukubaka amateme, ibiraro bikomeye hagaati y´┐Żabanyarwanda b´┐Żamoko yose n´┐Żuturere twose maze u Rwanda rukaba nk´┐Żumuturanyi wacu Tanzania, igihugu gifite ubukungu bukomeye bwo kuba kitarigeze kigira impunzi mu mateka yacyo;
  • Kurandura uhereye mu mizi no guca burundu mu Rwanda ubutegetsi bushingiye ku ivanguramoko, irondakarere, irondakazu, igitugu, ikinyoma, urugomo, iterabwoba, akarengane, ubwicanyi, no gusahura umutungo w´┐Żigihugu;
  • Gushyira imbere ya byose ikiremwamuntu, umunyarwanda muri rusange akaba ari we ibikorwa byose by´┐Żigihugu biganishaho kuko ari we bukungu bwa mbere bw´┐Żicyo gihugu aho kumubuza uburyo no kumwica;
  • Kuba ijwi ry´┐Żubworoherane, ubwubahane, ubwumvikane n´┐Żubwuzuzanye hagati y´┐Żabana b´┐Żu Rwanda bose no kuba ijwi ry´┐Żabarengana n´┐Żabarenganyijwe n´┐Żubutegetsi bubi bwa FPR Inkotanyi bose, baba abahutu, baba abatutsi, baba n´┐Żabatwa;
  • Guhindura abahutu, abatutsi, abatwa n´┐Żimvange umunyarwanda umwe (One People/Un Peuple) nk´┐Żuko umutanzania ari umwe, nkuko umunyamerika ari umwe (reba icyivugo cy´┐Żingabo za Amerika: An Army for One/ Ingabo z´┐Żumuntu umwe(umuturage), umunyamerika; naho twe ni ingabo ntutsi z´┐ŻUmwami, ingabo mputu za MDR-Parmehutu na MRND, ingabo ntutsi za UNAR yahindutse FPR Inkotanyi);
  • Kuba abanyakuri no kutabogama tukamagana ikibi aho cyaba kivuye hose kabone n´┐Żiyo cyaba gikozwe cyangwa cyarakozwe n´┐Żabo dusangiye ubwoko cyangwa abo mu karere dukomokamo, no mu miryango yacu;
  • Guhamagarira abanyarwanda kurenga politiki yubakiye ku rwango, inzigo, inzika, no ku nzangano abantu bagiranye cyangwa se bafitanye, ku bwihimure, guhora, kwivuna uwo twita umubisha, umwanzi , kandi ari umunyarwanda nka twe, n´┐Żibindi bibi bidahesha politiki nyarwanda isura nziza nk´┐Żikinyoma, guteza urubwa no gusebanya (diffamation), no gutukana;
  • Kumvisha abanyapolitiki b´┐Żabanyarwanda ko mbere yo kujya kubohoza abanyarwanda nk´┐Żuko twese tubivuga, twabanza tukibohoza ubwacu kuko usanga ibiziriko biziritse Abanyarwanda, baba abari mu Rwanda baba abari hanze, ari bimwe ari byo: irondabwoko(rigaragara cyangwa ryihishe), irondakarere, irondakazu, inzigo, inzika, guhoora, ubugome, uburyarya n´┐Żimbereka. Ntiwajya rero kubohoza abandi bantu kandi nawe ubwawe uboshye; ni ukubyizitura rero uko byakabaye;
  • Guharanira ko mu Rwanda hashyirwaho Leta ifite mu migambi yayo kuzamura imibereho myiza y´┐Żabanyarwanda bose muri rusange kugirango n´┐Żigihugu ubwacyo kibone gutera intambwe igaragara mu majyambere;
  • Guhamagarira abanyarwanda kugira ijambo ku byerekeye umurongo wa politiki igihugu cyabo kigomba gukurikiza kuko ari uburenganzira bwabo, no kubera ko iyo uwo murongo wa politiki ubaye mubi aribo bigiraho ingaruka;
  • Gushyiraho iherezo kw´┐Żitotezwa ry´┐Żabantu n´┐Żiry´┐Żamadini amwe namwe kuva mu 1994, cyane cyane irya Kiliziya gatolika mu Rwanda, n´┐Żiry´┐Żabahamya ba Yehova;
  • Kuryoza Leta ya FPR Inkotanyi ibinyoma byayo n´┐Żimbereka mu mikorere yayo mibi igira inzira ebyiri, imwe isize umunyu yo kubeshya Abanyarwanda n´┐Żamahanga, n´┐Żindi nzira mbi cyane yo ikorerwa mu bwihisho iyoborwa n´┐Żabantu b´┐Żabanyarugomo barenganya, bica, ari nayo igejeje igihugu aharindimuka;
  • Gukora ku buryo u Rwanda rugira uruhare rwubaka akarere k´┐Żibiyaga bigari bya Afurika aho kugasenya ruhakurura intambara z´┐Żurudaca nka ziriya za FPR Inkotanyi yateje muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo kuva 1996 kugeza ubu.

Mu gusoza iki gika cy´┐Żimigambi yacu irimo uw´┐Żingenzi wo kurandura ivanguramoko n´┐Żubuhezanguni mu Rwanda, twarabisuzumye dusanga bishoboka kubigeraho kuko nta muntu uvukana ubuhezanguni (extremism) yaba umututsi, yaba umuhutu, yaba umutwa, yaba n´┐Żundi wese. Sosiyete avukiyemo niyo imubumbabumba ikamugira uko agenda amera.

Urugero nk´┐Żabatutsi bahungiye muri Congo muri 1959 bo nta buhezanguni bagira muri bo. Kuburyo bakigera mu Rwanda bahungutse mu 1994, abandi batutsi bavuye i Burundi cyane cyane, Uganda n´┐Żabahoze mu Rwanda, babitaga ibicucu kuko babaga bagendera ku kuri batagaragaza mu mvugo yabo no mu ngiro urwango n´┐Żubuhezanguni ku bahutu basanze mu Rwanda.Wabonaga bitabarimo rwose habe na busa. Ibi byerekana rero uburyo sosiyete ariyo igira uruhare rukomeye mu kwangiza abantu ari nayo mpamvu mu ndimi z´┐Żikizungu bavuga ngo: ´┐ŻLes peuples ont les dirigents qu´┐Żils meritent/People have leaders they deserve´┐Ż, umuntu agenekerereje mu Kinyarwanda akaba yavuga ko ari nko kwibyarira ikishi.

Natwe nka sosiyete nyarwanda, ntitukajye twibagirwa ko abayobozi b´┐Żigihugu cyacu twagize kuva mu kinyejana cya 16 kugeza ubu (abami 32, abaperezida b´┐Żukuri 3 n´┐Żaba baringa 3 bose hamwe bakaba 38) muri bose habuze n´┐Żumwe wamera nka Perezida Nyerere Tanzania yibyariye cyangwa se nka Perezida Mandela Afrika y´┐ŻEpfo yibarutse, cyangwa se nka Mikhail Gorbachev wa Rusiya.
Tugomba kumenya, nka sosiyete nyarwanda ko ari twe twibarutse bariya bami bose na bariya ba perezida bose kugeza ku muperezida uyobora u Rwanda uyu munsi; tukibuka ko ari sosiyete nyarwanda n´┐Żamateka yayo mabi byamwiremeye bikamutereka hariya.
We azi ko ibibazo by´┐Żu Rwanda byatangiye mu mwaka w´┐Ż 1959. Ibya mbere yaho n´┐Żibyateye iyo 59 ntabyo azi nta n´┐Żibyo ashaka kumenya kuko ari uko sosiyete nyarwanda yamubumbabumbye ikamushyira hariya.

Tujye rero tuzirikana twese nka sosiyete nyarwanda, twaba abahutu, twaba abatutsi, twaba abatwa, ko dufite uruhare rusange (responsabilit´┐Ż collective/collective respondability) mu bintu byose bibi byabaye mu gihugu cyacu.

Ni yo mpamvu twakagombye gufata inzira y´┐Żukuri n´┐Żubworoherane tugashakira hamwe umuti urambye w´┐Żibibazo by´┐Żu Rwanda aho gukomeza kwitana bamwana no kubumbabumba ba Kayibanda benshi, ba Habyarimana benshi naba Kagame ishyano ryose. Abategereje Kagame wundi ariko we uzaza ari umuhutu, mutubabarire!

Dr. Gasana Anastase -´┐ŻBamara Prosper -´┐ŻAkishuli Abdallah.
i Savannah, Georgia, Leta Zunze Ubumwe z´┐Ż Amerika,´┐Żkuwa gatatu taliki ya 10/03/2013.

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