Urubuga rw'Amakuru n'Amateka Mu Rwanda

Posts from — April 2011


Imodoka nshya 8 zaguzwe na sosiyete ya Tribert Ayabatwa Rujugiro zafashwe mbere y’uko zigera i Goma zikekwa kuba zaraguriwe imitwe irwanya Kagame

Ngizo imodoka 8 zafatiwe ku Mukamira

Kuri uyu wa Gatatu tariki 13 Mata 2011 ahagana mu ma saa saba z´┐Żamanywa, Polisi y´┐ŻIgihugu yafashe imodoka 8 zari zivuye muri Akagera Motors zerekeza muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo.

Izo modoka zafatiwe mu Murenge wa Mukamira mu Karere ka Nyabihu zaguzwe n´┐Żisosiyete y´┐Żumunyemari Tribert Ayabatwa Rujugiro yitwa Congo Tobacco Company(CTC) ikorera mu Mujyi wa Goma.

Ngo inzego z´┐Żumutekano zari zifite amakuru ko izo modoka zigiye gutera inkunga imitwe y’inyeshyamba zirwanya u Rwanda harimo uwashinzwe na Kayumba na Karegeya, n’indi mitwe ikorera mu mashyamba yo muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo nka FDLR.

Nk´┐Żuko itangazo ryashyizwe ahagaragara n´┐ŻUmuvugizi wa Polisi y´┐ŻIgihugu Supt Theos Badege rivuga, izo modoka zifungiye kuri sitasiyo ya Police ya Mukamira, naho abashoferi bazo 7, umu d´┐Żclarant 1 (clearing agent) n´┐Ż Umuyobozi w´┐Żuruganda rwa CTC, bafungiye kuri Sitasiyo ya Police ya Kicukiro mu Mujyi wa Kigali mu gihe iperereza ry´┐Żibyo bashinjwa rigikomeza.

April 14, 2011   2 Comments

Amateka n´┐ŻImikorere y´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo

byanditswe na F. RUDAKEMWA

  1. Mu mateka y´┐Żisi
  2. ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż ni ikijambo cy´┐Żigicurano cyadutse mu Rwanda muri iyi myaka ya vuba nyuma ya 1994. Mu gifaransa ni ´┐Żid´┐Żologie´┐Ż, mu cyongereza bikaba ´┐Żideology´┐Ż. Ubwo n´┐Żizindi ndimi zigira iryo jambo, ni ukuvuga ko icyo rihatse atari umwihariko w´┐ŻUrwanda, ahubwo ko kiba n´┐Żahandi hose ku isi no mu ngamba zose (dans tous les domaines). Mu by´┐Żukuri, ´┐Żingengabitekerezo´┐Ż ni inzira umuntu cg. abantu bishyize hamwe banyuramo kugirango bagere ku umugambi biyemeje, kandi icyo bagezeho kirambe imyaka myinshi, ndetse nibishoboka, kizahoreho iteka.

    Intambwe ya mbere y´┐Żiyo nzira ni icyifuzo cg. se igitekerezo. Iyo ikigamijwe ari kibi, ushobora no kubyita irari, uburoho cg. umugambi mubisha. Intambwe ya 2 ni ukuvuga icyo utekereza. Uracyibwira wowe ubwawe, ukakibwira n´┐Żabandi, ukumva icyo babitekerezaho. Ibi bishobora kubera mu kiganiro hagati y´┐Żabavandimwe, abaturanyi cg. inshuti. Bishobora kubera mu kiganiro mbwirwaruhame (discours, conf´┐Żrence), kuri radiyo cg. kuri televiziyo. Ariko rero, umuntu ashobora no kubwira bandi icyo atekereza acyandika ku mpapuro (amatangazo, inyandiko, ibinyamakuru, ibitabo´┐Ż) cg kuri ´┐Żinternet´┐Ż. Intambwe ya 3 ni ugushyira mu bikorwa ibyatekerejwe, bikavugwa ndetse bikandikwa.

    ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż rero ubwayo si ikintu kibi. Iba mbi iyo igamije amarorerwa, iba nziza iyi igamije ikintu cyiza. ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż igira ingufu iyo ihuriweho n´┐Żabantu benshi. Bashobora no kuba bake, ariko bakaba bafite uburyo bwo kureshya abandi, ubushobozi (amikoro) n´┐Żukwemera ´┐Żkutajegajega, gukomeye nk´┐Żurutare gutuma batangira ibikorwa bikomeye kandi bakabirangiza´┐Ż. Icyo bemera bagifata nk´┐Żihame ridakuka, baracyitangira, bakaba banagipfira. Ukwemera nk´┐Żuko kwari gufitwe na Martini Luteri King waharaniye uburenganzira n´┐Żukwishyira ukizana kw´┐ŻAbirabura muri Leta zunze ubumwe z´┐ŻAmerika na Gandi wagejeje Ubuhindi ku bwigenge. Nanone kandi, ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż ivana ingufu nyinshi mu guhererekanwa kuva mu gisekuruza kugera mu kindi, cg. mu kwinjira mu mitwe, mu mitima, mu mvugo no mu ngiro y´┐Żabantu benshi mu gihe gito. ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż ikura izindi ngufu nyinshi mu gucengera mu bayobozi b´┐Żigihugu cyangwa se mu kucyigarurira burundu. None se uyobora igihugu si we ucunga umutungo wacyo, si we wakira kandi agacunga imfashanyo ziturutse mu mahanga? Si we se itangazamakuru rya Leta n´┐Żiriyibogamiyeho? Leta se si ryo shyirahamwe (personne morale) ryonyine ryemerewe gukoresha ingufu iyo bibaye ngombwa mu rwego rwo kuzuza inshingano zayo? Birumvikana rero, iyo abantu bafite ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż nziza bagiye ku butegetsi, igihugu kirahungukira. Iyo gifashwe n´┐Żabafite ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż mbi, kirorama. Hashobora kuboneka ingero nyinshi cyane zerekana ukuri kw´┐Żibimaze kuvugwa. Reka dufatemo 3 gusa : urw´┐ŻAbayisiraheli, urwa Hitler Adolf, n´┐Żurwo mu Rwanda turi butindeho gato.

    1. Abayisiraheri bakomeye cyane ku mateka yabo akubiye ahanini mu ´┐ŻIseserano rya kera´┐Ż rivuga ko ngo ari ´┐Żubwoko bwatowe n´┐ŻImana´┐Ż. Ayo mateka n´┐Żuko kwemera kwabo barabihererekanije kuva mu gisekuruza kugera mu kindi, bituma batarimbuka, none baraganje kugera magingo aya. Byinjiye mu mitwe y´┐Żabantu benshi ko Umuyahudi umwe apfuye, isi iba icitse umugongo ; ariko hapfuye Abanyepalestina, Abarabu cyangwa Abirabura ijana, ntacyo biba bitwaye. Iyo ni ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż. Nyamara burya, Abayahudi bifuza ko igihugu cyabo kibana neza na Palestina ndetse n´┐Żibindi bihugu byose by´┐ŻAbarabu ni benshi cyane! Bari mu kuri. Ariko se, bavugire he? Ziba nke, ziba nyinshi, intagondwa zibarusha ingufu.

    2. Umugabo Adolf Hitler yiyandikiye igitabo cyitwa ´┐ŻIntambara ndwana´┐Ż (Mein Kampf). Mu bagisomye kigishoka mu w´┐Ż1925, bamwe baravugaga ngo ´┐Żuyu ni umusazi, ibyo avuga ntashobora kubishyira mu bikorwa´┐Ż.

    Nyuma, aho agereye ku butegetsi mu w´┐Ż1933, yatangiye kubishyira mu bikorwa, isi yose ihinda imishyitsi, nawe arayititiza koko kugera apfuye mu w´┐Ż1945. Ngizo rero za ngufu z´┐Ż´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż iyo abayifite bigaruriye igihugu. Ihame ry´┐Żuko ubwoko bw´┐Żaba ´┐ŻAryens´┐Ż bugizwe n´┐Żabantu baruta abandi bose, kubera iyo mpamvu bakaba bagomba kubategeka, si Hitler warihimbye. Yararisanze, ararinononsora, arishyira mu bikorwa ; isi icura imiborogo. Hiltler yifuzaga ko ubutegetsi bushingiye ku ngengabitekerezo ye bwazamara nibura imyaka 1000 (Reich mill´┐Żnaire).

    3. Mu Rwanda ijambo ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż ryandutse ubwo abambari ba FPR bagiraga bati ´┐ŻItsembabwoko ryibasiye Abatutsi mu w´┐Ż1994 rifite amateka maremare, ryatangiye mu w´┐Ż1959. Kuva icyo gihe umwana w´┐ŻUmuhutu wese avukana ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo ya jenoside´┐Ż. Tugombe tuyimuvure rero, ´┐Żnk´┐Żuko bavura inturo amabinga´┐Ż´┐Ż. Nyamara abakurikiranira hafi amateka y´┐ŻUrwanda, ari aya kera, aya vuba aha, ndetse n´┐Żay´┐Żubu, bahamya kandi bakerekana ko, niba ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo y´┐Żitsembwabwoko ibaho koko´┐Ż, ko atari umwihariko w´┐ŻAbahutu bamwe na bamwe (Interahamwe), ko ahubwo ari indwara ifata n´┐ŻAbatutsi bamwe na bamwe, kandi bakaba baratangiye kugaragaza ibimenyetso byayo kera cyane Gihanga agihanga Urwanda. Ni byo tugiye gusuzuma mu gice cya 2 cy´┐Żiyi nyandiko.

  3. Mu Rwanda
  4. Ni gute umuntu yaririra Abantu bishwe n´┐ŻInterahamwe, ndetse akanabahorera ; ariko akaruca akarumira ku bantu bishwe n´┐ŻInkotanyi ? Aho iyo si ya nyagwa y´┐Ż Ingengabitekerezo ? Kwamagana radiyo Rutelemu (RTLM) birakwiye, ariko se burya radiyo Muhabura yo yigishaga urukundo? Indirimbo za Simoni Bikindi ntizashishikazaga ingabo z´┐ŻUrwanda gukomera ku urugamba nk´┐Żuko iza Kayirebwa zabikoreraga Inkotanyi? L´┐Żon Mugesera na Alexandre Kimenyi bombi bari barize iby´┐Żindimi (linguistique). Amarorerwa ya Mugesera ku Kabaya le 22 Ukwakira 1992, avuga ngo Abatutsi bazasubizwe muri Abisiniya banyujijwe muri Nyabarongo, ntaho ataniye n´┐Żibya Kimenyi agira ati : ´┐ŻNongeye gusaba ko abo bantu (Abahutu) bagenda hakiri kare. Ubu ni twe turamukiwe gutura mu Rwanda´┐Ż(Impuruza no 15 Ukuboza 1989, urup. 94). Ntiyarekeye aho, kuko nyuma yaje gutura Rwigema igisigo cyitwa ´┐ŻNsingize Gisa umusore utagira uko asa´┐Ż. Abatutsi abita imfura, Abahutu akabita amasatura. Agakomeza ashimira Rwigema ko yarashe izo nyamaswa. Noneho agakuraho agahu, agatuka Abahutu ibitutsi byose bibi bibaho. Aragira ati :

    Mfizi ifora imfuruta imfura zigafungurwa
    Ubwo wakoze mu ntagara ukarekura intanage
    Abatindi ntibazatinda gutondora

    Izo siha zisanzwe zisahura zirasuherewe
    Ibyo birumbo bitarambirwa kutwambura
    Bihora bidukindura bidutimbura bigamije kuturimbura

    Izo menabanga zatekeye amabinga
    Amaguru ndabona ziyabangiye ingata zigira bwangu

    Abo bajura batujujubya
    Ba majimbiri b’injiji zijunditse umujinya
    Inyangarwanda zirwandarika rukandavura
    Ba mabondo yamize imikondo bokabura ibibondo
    Ibyo birumbo by’umururumba biduhombereza ibihumbi
    Byumvise imbunda birabunda
    Byatomotswe bimokorwa bimoka
    Bizungerezwa bizunguruka mu bazungu
    Ngo babihe inzaratsi Inziza ze kubizungura.

    (Impuruza no 17, Ukuboza 1990, urup. 2)

    Abavuga nibavuge ! ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż mbi itari iyi koko ni iyihe? Mugesera avugira ku Kabaya, perezida Yuvenali Habyarimana yari amaze icyumweru avugiye mu Ruhengeri ngo ´┐Żtuzambara, tumanuke´┐Ż. Kuri 31 Ukwakira 1990, yari yavugiye mu Mutara ko abishwe n´┐ŻInkotanyi zari zimaze ukwezi ziteye Urwanda bagombaga guhorerwa. Ingengabitekerezo dusanga muri ayo magambo, tuyisanga yikubye kenshi mu byo Paulo Kagame yavugiye i Nyamirambo mu w´┐Ż1996, birya byo kuvoma amazi mu ngunguru ukayamaramo ukoresheje umufuniko w´┐Żicupa. Naho se ibyo yavugiye i Bwisige le 31 Werurwe 2003 ngo ´┐ŻBeza ibigori? Twe dufite imashini zo kubisya!´┐Ż. Ku ya 7 Mata, i Murambi ya Gikongoro ababajwe n´┐Żuko ngo Musenyeri Andr´┐Ż Perraudin yamucitse, kandi akabazwa no kuba atarashoboye kwica hakiri kare Abanyarwanda bari barahungiye muri Kongo. Birya se byo kugereranya Abahutu n´┐Żimbwa, Abatutsi n´┐Żinka? ´┐ŻInka ibyara rimwe mu mwaka, kandi ikabyara akanyana cg.akamasa kamwe. Imbwa ibwagura kenshi mu mwaka, kandi ikabwagura ibibwana byinshi. Nyamara, ntawigeze abona ubushyo bw´┐Żimbwa, ariko ubushyo bw´┐Żinka bwo buragaragara´┐Ż. Yemwe, muri iyi mvugo, nta ´┐Żngengabitekerezo y´┐Żitsembabwoko´┐Ż irimo?

    Tubivuge, tubisubire, niba ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo y´┐Żitsembwabwoko ibaho koko´┐Ż mu Rwanda, si umwihariko w´┐ŻAbahutu bamwe na bamwe (Interahamwe), ahubwo ni indwara ifata n´┐ŻAbatutsi bamwe na bamwe, kandi bakaba baratangiye kugaragaza ibimenyetso byayo kera cyane.

    1. Gahunda y´┐Żishyaka rya Lunari (UNAR) yatangajwe ku italiki ya 15 Nzeri 1959, hari aho yageraga ikavuga ngo :

    N´┐Żubwo Urwanda rugizwe n´┐Żabantu batareshya, kandi bikaba bidakwiye kureshyeshya ibitekerezo by´┐Ż inshakarafu n´┐Żiby´┐Żabantu bazi ubwenge´┐Ż. N´┐Żubwo amatora yatuma bake bazi ubwenge dutegekwa na rubanda nyamwinshi igizwe n´┐Żibicucu gusa, ´┐ŻUbuyobozi bw´┐Żishyaka ryacu buzaha Abahutu n´┐ŻAbatwa uburenganzira kimwe n´┐Żubwacu. Ariko rero buzihutira no gucecekesha abantu b´┐Żibicucu n´┐Żabagambanyi. Agatekerezo karabihishe.

    (Reba mu gitabo cya Nkundabagenzi F, Rwanda politique, Coll. Les dossiers du C.R.I.S.P., Lielens, Bruxelles, 1962, urup.94).

    Bien que la soci´┐Żt´┐Ż rwandaise soit compos´┐Że d´┐Żindividus de valeur tr´┐Żs in´┐Żgale, et qu´┐Żil n´┐Żest pas ´┐Żquitable d´┐Żaccorder la m´┐Żme valeur ´┐Ż la pens´┐Że vulgaire de l´┐Żhomme ordinaire qu´┐Żau jugement perspicace de l´┐Żhomme capable´┐Ż Bien que le suffrage universel aboutira infailliblement ´┐Ż l´┐Żasservissement de la minorit´┐Ż lettr´┐Że par une majorit´┐Ż inculte´┐Ż ´┐ŻL´┐Żorganisation imm´┐Żdiate de notre parti s´┐Żempressera de donner les m´┐Żmes droits aux Bahutu et aux Batwa, et en m´┐Żme temps s´┐Żempressera de m´┐Żter la sottise et la trahison communes aux ´┐Żtres incapables de la plus ´┐Żl´┐Żmentaire abstraction. (Nkundabagenzi F, Rwanda politique, Coll. Les dossiers du C.R.I.S.P., Lielens, Bruxelles, 1962, p.94)

    Icyo gihe, amagambo ´┐Ż´┐Żingengabitekerezo, itsembabwoko cg. jenoside ´┐Ż, yari atarabaho mu kinyarwanda´┐Ż; ariko abarwanashyaka ba Lunari biyitaga ´┐Ż´┐ŻAbashyirahamwe ´┐Ż. Iri zina rikaba risa cyane n´┐Żiry´┐ŻInterahamwe za MRND, Impuzamugambi za CDR cg. Abadasigana ba UPRONA. Yewe, ´┐Żibisa birasabirana koko´┐Ż!

    2. Kuri 17 Gicurasi 1958, abo Bashyirahamwe bari bandikiye umwami n´┐Żinama nkuru y´┐Żigihugu, bayihangiriza ngo ntisuzume ikibazo cy´┐Żamoko mu Rwanda, kuko kuri bo Urwanda rwari urw´┐ŻAbatutsi gusa. Igika cya nyuma cy´┐Żiyo barwa kiravuga ngo :

    Ko mwumva abantu baburana umunani, ababura umunani ko ari abavandimwe, …ko ahubwo baje tukabahaka kugeza ubu, ubundi buvandimwe bwacu ni ubuhe ? Gatutsi na Gatwa bahuriye he na Gahutu ko twumva ko Gatutsi na Gatwa na Gahutu ari bene Kanyarwanda, nyirukubabyarana na Kanyarwanda yitwa, ni umuki ? ´┐ŻKimanuka ni uwa Kigwa wasanze abantu nu Rwanda´┐ŻNgaho namwe muratwumvire iyo mivire n´┐Żindimwe yacu n´┐ŻAbahutu yo kwa Kanyarwanda! ´┐ŻAbahinza bishwe n´┐Żuyu mwami, ahindura ibihugu byabo. Ibindi bihugu byahinduwe n´┐Żabandi bami bica abahinza bari babirimo. Ntitugombye kubavuga, nimushaka muzabirebe mu Nganji karinga, biranditse. Ikibazo : Ubwo batsindaga ibihugu by´┐ŻAbahutu b´┐ŻAbahinza bakabahaka ari abavandimwe babo? (R´┐Żtrospective, Le probl´┐Żme ruandais 1957-1962, S´┐Żrie 1, Dossier 2, pp. 7-9).

    Bukeye bwaho ku ya 18 Gicurasi 1959, abagaragu bakuru b´┐Żibwami barongeye bandikira umwami n´┐Żinama nkuru y´┐Żigihugu bavuga ngo ´┐Żubutaka ni ubwabo, nk´┐Żuko Urwanda ari urw´┐Żumwami´┐Ż, ngo Abahutu bashaka amasambu bazimuke bave mu Rwanda cg. bajye gutura mu bice byarwo bitera.

    3. Muri ayo magambo yabo, harimo ingengabitekerezo mbi cyane bakomoraga ku basekuruza babo. Bamwe batatinyaga gufata abandi banyarwanda nk´┐Żudusimba. Kanjogera, baramubazaga bati ´┐Żese ko wituma ku gasozi, abantu bakureba?´┐Ż. Ngo ´┐Żbariya se ni abantu, ko ari udusimba!´┐Ż. Kankazi yabonye Abahutu bagungira ibijumba mu gishanga cya Rugeramigozi, abaza abagaragu be ati ´┐ŻTuriya ni dusimba ki mbona mu gishanga ?´┐Ż Bamusubiza ko ari abantu bari gutabirira ibijumba. Nawe ati ´┐ŻEse buriya nibutaha, buri kose karamenya akako?´┐Ż. Yasuye seminari nto y´┐Żi Kabgayi, abona igiseminari cy´┐Żigihutu koko (cyaje kuba padiri n´┐Żubu kiracyariho), aravuga ngo ´┐ŻNta kindi cyana gisa na kiriya ngo bagifotore hamwe n´┐Żibwa yanjye?´┐Ż. N´┐Żibindi byinshi.

    Agasimba gashoboye kugira akamaro, ni ibintu byiza. Icyo gihe uragakoresha nk´┐Żuko bakoresha ipunda (indogobe).Tuzabigarukaho tuganira ku ubuhake. Ariko kwica agasimba, nko kumanika imbwa, nta cyaha cyabagamo. Kugera mu myaka mike yabanjirije ihinduramatwara (r´┐Żvolution) ryo muri 59, bari bakidutwikira mu majangara. Tugiye kure byo, ntawavuga. Inkota ya Kanjogera ntiyararaga ubusa. Hari igihe ingabo za Rwabugiri zitozaga kumasha, ariko zikitoreza ku bantu nyirizina.

Umwanzuro

´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż ubwayo si ikintu kibi. Iba mbi iyo igamije amarorerwa, iba nziza iyo igamije ikintu cyiza. Ariko Abanyarwanda bo, kuberako bakanzwe, bumva ´┐ŻIngengabitekerezo´┐Ż ari ikintu kibi uko byagenda kwose. Iyatumye haba itsembabwoko mu Rwanda muw´┐Ż1994 yaba ngo yaravutse muri 59. Ituma bakomeje guhunga kugeza n´┐Żubu, ntibacire, ntibakorore, ntibahumeke, bagahorana umutima mutwe, hari abahamya rwose ko iyo yo yatangiye kera. Amahirwe ni uko Abanyarwanda batanduye ingengabitekerezo mbi n´┐Żimwe ari bo benshi. Ni yo mpamvu hakiri icyizere ko ineza izatsinda inabi, ko ukuri kuzanesha ikinyoma, ko urumuri ruzatsinsura umwijima, hakazaza n´┐Żibindi bintu byiza byinshi mu Rwanda rwa Gahutu, Gatwa na Gatutsi, ari bo bagize ´┐ŻInyabutatu ijya mbere´┐Ż.

Imana ikomeze irinde Urwanda.

F. Rudakemwa
Tel: 0039.0763732085
Mob : 0039.333.3167336
Email : [email protected].

[Le Prophete - Umuhanuzi]

April 4, 2011   5 Comments