Rwanda Comments on UN Genocide Mapping Report: V. The double Genocide Theory Must Be Rejected
V. Conclusion: The double Genocide Theory Must Be Rejected
57. The real motive behind The Draft Mapping Report was made clear when the lead investigator, Luc Cote, gave an interview one day after the leak of the report saying that the wars in Congo were similar in their “pattern of targeted, widespread and systematic attacks” to the events in Rwanda in 1994.41 Where Mr. Cote seeks to compare the alleged deaths of at most “several tens of thousands, all nationalities combined” during a decade of war to the murder of one million unarmed civilians in one hundred days, he only succeeds in trivializing genocide. His personal bias is exposed and, in this context, the countless flaws in The Draft Mapping Report cannot seriously be considered as purely unintentional.
58. The desire to validate the double genocide theory is consistently present throughout The Draft Mapping Report by mirror-imaging the actors, ideology, and methods employed during the 1994 Rwandan genocide. The Draft Mapping Report, from its failure to address the context of the war in the former Zaire, to its flawed methodology, to the dismissal of mitigating facts, seeks to undermine the legitimacy of the Rwandan military campaign in Congo. The authors of The Draft Mapping Report are not hindered by the fact that the tactical means to achieve their goals endanger hard won peace and stability in the East African Region, manifested by political and economic integration. The relationship between Rwanda and the DRC is the strongest and healthiest it has been in decades.
59. Sadly, the conflict in DRC continues. We need look no further than recent events as proof. The Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), with their origins rooted firmly in the 1994 Rwandan genocide, were accused last month (August 2010) of raping an estimated 240 women, girls and babies in an area under protection of the peace keeping mission MONUC.42 The FDLR is still led by the same genocide perpetrators who militarized the refugee camps in the former Zaire, and utilized innocent civilian refugees as shields. Their tactics have not changed.
60. The incapacity of MONUC – a peacekeeping mission that costs one million dollars a day and which has been given a mandate authorizing the use of force – to protect innocent Congolese is the best defense of the RPAs intervention in Congo. The continuing violence directed against the civilian population illustrates that in dealing with a pernicious terrorist group like the FDLR – whose trademark tactic is to utilize civilians as a weapon of war – large amounts of money, preparation and goodwill are not sufficient to prevent collateral damage. The experience of MONUSCO today, like that of the RPA during two wars in the DRC, demonstrates that even when the best and most well-intentioned efforts are made to prevent civilian deaths, they unfortunately occur regardless such efforts. This has long been recognized by the law of armed conflict, and it is wholly irresponsible for The Draft Mapping Report to ignore it.
61. The Government of Rwanda categorically rejects this report.
41 AFP, 27 August 2010.
42 Congo Mass Rape Numbers Rise to 240 – UN . 2 September 2010. BBC News Africa available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-11162177.