Official Govt of Rwanda Comments On The UN Mapping Report On The Human Rights Violations in DR Congo 1993-2003 — Rwandinfo_ENG
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Official Govt of Rwanda Comments On The UN Mapping Report On The Human Rights Violations in DR Congo 1993-2003

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REPUBLIC OF RWANDA

N°552/16/OHCHR/VS/ka/10

PERMANENT MISSION OF RWANDA

GENEVA
The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Rwanda to the Office of the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva presents its compliments to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva and the honour to transmit herewith the Comments of the Government of Rwanda on the Draft Mapping report on the DRC, to be published alongside the report.

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Rwanda to the Office of the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Geneva the assurances of its highest consideration.

Geneva,

30. 09. 2010


GENEVA
37/39, rue de Vermont 1202 Genève
Tel (41 22) 919 10 00 Fax : (41 22) 919 10 01
www.ambarwanda.ch


OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

REPUBLIC OF RWANDA
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND COOPERATION

OFFICIAL GOVERNMENT OF RWANDA COMMENTS ON THE DRAFT UN MAPPING REPORT ON THE DRC

Table of Contents

Acronyms

Executive Summary of Comments

Comments of the Government of Rwanda

I. The Report Fails to Explain the Historical Context of the Genocide and its Aftermath

▪ The 1994 Rwandan Genocide
▪ Mass Participation in the Genocide
▪ The Refugee Crisis
▪ The Militarization of the Camps
▪ Rwanda’s Intervention in East Zaire
▪ Conclusion

II. Rwanda Complied with International Law Governing the Use of Force
▪ Rwanda’s Repeated Warnings
▪ Chapter VII: The Use of Force in Self-Defense
▪ Ex-FAR/Interahamwe: The Use of Civilians as a Weapon of War
▪ Responding to Particular Allegations Regarding the Use of Force
▪ Conclusion

III. The Draft Mapping Report’s Methodology is Demonstrably Flawed
▪ Scope: Seven Months to Cover Ten Years
▪ Crimes Committed Many Years Prior: The Unreliability of Witness Statements
▪ The Terms of Reference
▪ Defining a Mapping Exercise
▪ Delegating the Investigation to Politicized NGOs
▪ Assessing the Purported Evidence
▪ The Unrecognizable Standard of Proof
▪ Conclusion

IV. The Unsupported Genocide Claim Fails as a Matter of Fact and Law
▪ Lack of Identification of Alleged Victims and Perpetrators
▪ Rwanda’s Successful National Integration from 1993 to 2003
▪ Conclusion

V. Conclusion: The Double Genocide Theory Must be Rejected


ACRONYMS

AFDL Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo

APR Armée Patriotique Rwandaise

DRC Democratic Republic of Congo

FAB Forces Armées Burundaises

FAR Forces Armées Rwandaises(national army of Rwanda before July
1994)

FDLR Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda
GoR Government of Rwanda

MONUCO United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic
Republic of Congo

MRND Mouvement Républican National pour le Développement

NGO Non Governmental Organization

RPA Rwandan Patriotic Army

RPF Rwandan Patriotic Front

TOR Terms of Reference (for The Draft Mapping Report)

UN United Nations

UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UPDF Uganda’s People Defense Force

Next: Executive Summary of Comments

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