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Rwanda rumoured to have hired for debut Eurobond

Rwanda, rated B/B, is rumoured to have hired BNP Paribas and Citigroup to manage the sale of its debut Eurobond, according to a source away from the deal.

The banks declined to comment.

The government has budgeted for a USD350m international bond this fiscal year.

The money raised would be primarily on-lent to Rwandair and Kigali Convention Centre, according to a Fitch report last month.

Source: Reuters

April 15, 2013   No Comments

An Exiled Ex-soldier Testifies Of RPF Crimes Of Massacres Of Hutu Refugees In The DRC

President Paul Kagame

President Paul Kagame

“I’ll give you my testimony about what happened in the Congo, where I was a soldier of the RPA (now RDF Rwandese Defence Force) before being assigned to the DMI (Directorate of Military Intelligence). We were sent to kill the refugees Kisangani on the command of Captain Shema of DMI and Lieutenant Frank Bashimake.Kisangani to refugees in their flight walking on the road, arrived at Kigangani, they were blocked by the river, this is where they perished. This is what happened there I’ll tell you friends Rwandans. ” Said the former DMI which recognizes itself to be a former RPF killer, now a refugee in Europe, and did not want to reveal her name or address for her safety and that of his family. He delivered his story on the radio in Kinyarwanda Itahuka  Saturday, February 9. Itahuka Radio is an internet radio platform founded by the “RNC”, a platform initiated and led by former senior RPF, once close to Paul Kagame.

Transformed into a refugee killer

Born in Rutshuru in eastern Congo, the former DMI is a descendant of the former Tutsi refugees expelled from Rwanda in 1959. He joined the rebel RPF in 1993, one year before the victory of the movement of the Habyarimana regime. Soon after, he was assigned to the famous DMI (Directorate of Military Intelligence), the Rwandan military intelligence indicted for his role in the execution of thousands of Rwandans and foreigners.

“I want to give my testimony on overall Rwandan leaders and what they have done since the RPF launched the war of liberation, I’ll tell you because it makes me very sick at heart and that is what pushed him into exile again, “he says.

Objective: to liquidate any Hutu on Congolese soil

These are Rwandan Hutu refugees in Congo transported by train on the order of APR lens to hidden places where they were all killed

These are Rwandan Hutu refugees in Congo transported by train on the order of APR lens to hidden places where they were all killed

“We attacked and massacred Rwandans brutally and unimaginable ways, who commanded us, and who was in turn under the command of General Paul Kagame and Jacques Nziza, we ask that all Hutu refugees on Congolese soil was assassinated, and announced that whoever refuses to do so will be executed on the spot. Among my colleagues there who were executed by what they refused to obey orders, “” We embarked refugees fleeing Tingi-Tingi (refugee camp NDRL) in trucks and acheminait in several places: there we drove on the other side of the river, a place called “left bank”.

It’s thousands and thousands that are killed. Another place is Devansende 59 kilometers from the city of Kisangani in the place we are massacred thousands of people. We dug holes where they threw the bodies, there was no distinction:children, women and persons ages, everyone went because the orders were to kill everything on Congolese Hutu. were employed all means at our disposal: balls, agafuni (hoe), plastic bag over the head, tie his hands behind, etc …., “he continues. “We killed until they deplete. Some refugees even dying of hunger.Captain Shema told us that we toil in giving to our country. “There are many if we do not eradicate us out they will come back in the country,” he liked to repeat (42: 05).

This light also comes on the massacres in Mbandaka, in the region of Ecuador: “On the left bank of Mbandaka, we are also slaughtered many people, because the refugees were stuck, they could not advance the religious have tried to intervene in turn suffered the same fate. After their death was looted their vehicles being used to transport and subsequently burn the bodies. “

“People are being massacred were all civilians, for example Rafasenti was made to believe that they would be refugees back to Rwanda, they were brought up in several trucks were charged mostly men over 4000 at all. They were all killed on the same day “” Those who escaped death, it is those that UNHCR gathered around the forests, are the only ones who were able to escape. Our criminal activity took place from 1997 until 1998 when Laurent Kabila requested from us, “says former agent of the DMI.

Leave no trace

According to the witness, every effort was made ​​not to leave traces of these massacres, because already the international community  followed by nearly the situation of these refugees. “We dug pits in the vicinity of the city of Kisangani, everything was well planned and controlled high by General Paul Kagame. We piled the bodies in the graves like cords of firewood. Above, were covered with tarpaulins, it allowed us to easily open and then put other body burn once filled holes.Every night we used a motor boat to carry the ashes and throw them in the river Zaire. In everything we did, we were ordered not to rest, we were obliged to execute orders not to leave our turn to our lives. It was small soldiers under the command of General Paul Kagame, General Nziza, and General Kabarebe who was our leader directly on the ground, the captain commanded Shema meanwhile our section “reported the witness.

The killers were carefully selected

According to the witness, the killers were carefully selected, they were selected from the Tutsi from Congo because according to him the command of the APR does not trust the Tutsi from Uganda, Burundi and Tanzania perform this mission, which was to be fast, well made and especially quiet. The choice was largely the Tutsi from Congo. The same witness testified that the guards closer to Paul Kagame, who ensure its security and property are those coming from Congo, as the strong man of Rwanda would not trust his countrymen from Uganda, Tanzania and Burundi.

“Before the massacre, a meeting was held one evening in the city of Kisangani, led by Captain Major Shema today, and his deputy Lieutenant Bashimake is now Captain and Chief of Police Brigade 408 Ruhengeri. During this meeting, a question has been asked: “why do you think you are here only one ethnic group?“We replied,” We do not know. ” So they told us that if we are only Tutsi, is that we have a job to do without specifying what it was “.

“We knew it was not because of different battalions. Shema captain told us that it was the Staff that we had chosen for this work, so it should not say “I refuse to do it or I’m sick.” In Kigali we select, we looked at where one is born, the family and our country, “said the witness.

Keep away unwanted witnesses

The book also witness his account of what his squadron was to take away the witnesses, especially NGOs that were likely to take steps in order to know the ground of refugees. “We were ordered to withhold aid in the city of Kisangani, if necessary, shoot them to make them believe that some places were dangerous. I give you the example of the Red Cross, they killed some of its members. Because they were stubborn to know the truth, “he said.

According to him the aid workers were prevented from reaching the scene of massacres before the executioners had finished their work. “It contained the humanitarian Kisangani until transferring bodies 150km inside the forest to leave no evidence to investigators. Shema Captain and Lieutenant Frank Bashimake ordered us to work 24 hours 24 without rest. ” he said before adding that they even fired heavy weapons on UN planes flying over the area of ​​the killings to try to understand what was happening. “When we pulled out of a plane, he pondered more over the same area,” he said.

“When the United Nations began to raise suspicions about our atrocities in Kisangani, the press asked Paul Kagame of the massacres that were committed on the ground. It was only deny Kabarebe who led Rwandan soldiers in the Congo answered the same thing, Kabila (father NDRL) also denied the facts. These were all saying no Hutu refugee is killed on Congolese soil. That we were there, we were surprised to hear that, we followed the BBC all the time. “

The former soldier even gives examples of some officials who were eliminated because who supervised the killings, “the regime wanted to ensure their eternal silence.” This is the case of major Ruzindana and Birasa, who were eliminated by the DMI. Bagire who died poisoned. “What I am sure is that everyone is used in massacres, he went into exile or he is killed. Me too when I left the country in March 2006, they wanted to kill me. – Birasa Major, Chief Warrant Officer Abbas who oversaw the massacre in the camp Kami Rushoke lieutenant who was known as the most cruel of all, they are all murdered in the camp and then transported to Kami Nyungwe – “said the witness.

The massacres in Rwanda 

The witness also comes on the radio Itahuka cases of massacres in Rwanda he attended directly or indirectly. He returns to the massacres committed to regional stadium Ruhengeri (northern Rwanda) in 1998, on the orders of the battalion who ran Gasheja 408 Ruhengeri and Gasana who led the brigade 408 Ruhengeri. According to him, these officers picked people Nyakinama Kinigi, and Nyamutera Giciye, and gathered in the stadium of Ruhengeri. People arrived at the stage tied in container trucks, and they were gradually carried to the camp Mukamira to be completed. According to the witness, the bodies were transported in the same trucks to Nyungwe forest in a place they called “Icyokezo” to be burned.

The former states that DMI Nyungwe served in 1997 and 1998, where they burned the bodies of people killed across Rwanda. According to him, Kugiti Kinyoni (all near Kigali) there were barriers feared people from Ruhengeri, Kibuye, Gitarama and Butare were arrested, we looked at the origin of the person and facies. “We chose especially those who still have the strength to fight, it was called” discouraged Hutu “(guca Imbaraga Abahutu).

He says that this climate of terror had finally persuade people to take taxis because once rode in it was not safe to go, especially those from Gisenyi and Ruhengeri not crossing any barrier. They were arrested and taken to Camp Kami, a camp sheltering him as in 1998, in his basement, a prison where people were kept before being killed. “All these killings were coordinated and supervised by Jacques Nziza” he said. To carry the body to the camp Kami Nyungwe forest, the witness said they used a blue truck looted Congo Benz brand.

Massive use of poison

The witness also mentions the case of murder by poison. “There were also people who were murdered stocked, market poison was in the hands of the Indians, they are the ones who mattered in Rwanda for sale to the DMI. This poison was injected by syringe often. The poison was most often used to kill people known that it was impossible to remove the mass without attracting attention, which is why they are the senior officers like Captain and Captain Mutiganda Burabyo who cared personally using this method.

Remove the person was either invited to a meeting or a party approached, “we expect it to be distracted to put the poison into his glass,” said the witness who said that he had been appointed a day of an assignment eliminate a colleague: “I was given one day to put poison in the milk of Sankara who was in prison at that time. I did not do so because he was a man of integrity in his songs, he defended the rights of soldiers. They do not know that I had not poisoned milk Sankara, and said to him, “you’re really lucky, you ingest the poison and you’re still alive. ‘”

The massacres of Tutsi refugees Mudende

Rwandan refugees fleeing into Congo

Rwandan refugees fleeing into Congo

The former officer DMI, also returned to the massacres of Tutsi refugees from 1959 who returned to Rwanda in 1995 after 30 years of exile in Congo. The witness said he was shocked that Paul Kagame and Nziza have decided to eliminate their death to assign the Hutu rebels (abacengezi) from Congo, while in this period, while the eastern border of Congo and was under the control of the new Rwandan government.

Indeed, these refugees upon their return to Rwanda, were installed Mudende, not far from the university that bears the same name, and Nkamira. “The killings took place at night, in the morning all the soldiers who were guarding the camp had been recalled.” General who led the brigade Munyakazi 211 of Gisenyi, and that victims have called during the events, wanted to go to the scene of massacres to intervene but was prevented because those who committed these murders were men Kagame from Kigali.

But the bodyguard of Paul Kagame is largely composed of these people murdered son. “The guards did not know, that’s why I book this testimony,” said the former agent of the DMI. “At this point, several soldiers whose parents murdered that night, wanted to show, but they had to resign and return to their camps after General Kagame has threatened to liquidate all.”

st  October 2010, the massacres of Hutu refugees in the Democratic Republic of Congo between 1996 and 2002 led to an investigation report of the Office of the United Nations Human Rights known as the  Mapping ReportAccording to the report, these massacres could, if proven before a competent court, be described as genocide.

Source: Veritas Info

April 15, 2013   No Comments

Remains of 700 Rwandan Genocide victims get decent burial

Uwamaliya addresses mourners in Mukarange during the burial ceremony yesterday

Uwamaliya addresses mourners in Mukarange during the burial ceremony yesterday

Remains of at least 720 victims of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi have been given decent burial in the Eastern Province districts of Gatsibo, Bugesera, Ngoma, Rwamagana and Kayonza.

The events, yesterday, to lay to rest the victims were preceded by solidarity marches.

In Kayonza district, the remains were laid to rest at Mukarange Genocide Memorial, in an event that was graced by provincial governor Odette Uwamariya, among others.

Addressing mourners, Uwamaliya said despite the massacre that claimed more than a million lives, Rwanda was several steps ahead towards development and self-reliance.

She, however, challenged people with knowledge of whereabouts of other victims’ remains to be strong enough and come forth to reveal the details to the concerned authorities.

“I am indeed disturbed that we are still searching for remains after 19 years. This should have ended three years after the Genocide. It is shame to those who know where the bodies are, but remain silent,” she said.

Climax of evil

Uwamaliya urged survivors to be strong and maximise the support government gives them to forge a better future.

“You shouldn’t remain in despair, you should try to relieve yourselves from grief and struggle for a bright future, the government is ready to support Genocide survivors,” the governor said.

MP Charles Kamanda, an area survivor, told the gathering that the days of wrong thinking were gone, adding that Rwanda’s ugly history could not be allowed to hold people in slavery.

“Our history was shaped by colonisers, whose selfish agenda cannot be over-emphasised. Puppets of the colonisers lived according to their expectations. This is what we can’t allow anymore. Genocide was a climax of evil in society,” he said.

Source: The New Times

April 15, 2013   No Comments

FARG in new plan to shelter survivors of the Rwandan Genocide

A Genocide survivors’ village constructed by FARG in Kicukiro district

A Genocide survivors’ village constructed by FARG in Kicukiro district

The Government Assistance Fund for Genocide Survivors (FARG) has unveiled a new strategy to provide decent shelter to Genocide survivors within the next eight months.

The public will be the main drivers of the campaign, according to the Fund officials. FARG was set up by government 15 years ago to support vulnerable Genocide survivors.

The Fund outlined key areas of intervention that will help change the living conditions of those who bore the worst brunt of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi.

Education  claims the lion’s share of FARG’s budget at seventy per cent. The Fund has spent more than Rwf 80 billion in the last 15 years.

This amount was spent on school fees and scholastic materials for 68,367 students in secondary schools and more than 13,000 in higher learning institutions.

Last week, speaking to The New Times, Theophile Ruberangeyo, the director general of the Fund, said he was proud that “among our graduates, some emerged leaders, including district mayors.”

The official said all but 500 families of Genocide survivors have since received decent shelters. He said the remaining families will receive housing by December.

The Fund, in its latest report, says it has put up about 40,000 houses where some 15,000 were built through direct fund channelled into FARG, and the rest constructed by sponsors, who include charity organisations, embassies and churches.

About 12,000 houses need renovation, including 3000 in sorry state which will cost over Rwf 13 billion, according to Ruberangeyo.

“Some houses were built hastily in 1995 by well wishers since shelter was a major priority; thus no big attention was given to contractors,” Ruberangeyo said.

“We also agree that we were cheated in 2003 when contractors did shoddy construction work on our houses”.

Sourcing contractors, key in housing, features afresh in the new plan.

“We have changed the strategy of contracting to the community approach strategy. Neighbours will contract with FARG to build a house for a Genocide survivor who will be responsible for supervision,” Ruberangeyo said.

FARG relevance 

Despite reports of alleged mismanagement of funds in the past and some sub-standard- over-billed housing for survivors, and crafty contractors pocketing the money, there is a general feeling that the 15 years of FARG have been a success.

Karongi district mayor Bernard Kayumba, a beneficiary of the education funding, attests to this.

“I am thankful indeed, because FARG made me what I am today; the Fund paid my university school fees and without it, I don’t know what I would have become,” he said.

“I know what it means to miss school or to be hungry; when I am allocating support to the vulnerable or when I am serving citizens in my district, I am the most impartial.”

FARG is also credited with health sector intervention. More than 160 Genocide survivors have benefited from free community health insurance, commonly known as mutuelle de santé.

In addition, the Rwanda Military Hospital has partnered with FARG to treat survivors with special cases such as terrible trauma and irregular menstruation periods. It has worked.

Achievements

In the last eight months, 12,000 of them benefited from the medical treatment from specialised doctors from the military hospital out of 18,000 patients with special cases.

At least Rwf45m was spent on these cases in the last eight months, while they would have spent up to Rwf80b on referrals abroad.

“Our specialists are good, they save time, money and patients who know they are their compatriots and have nothing to hide about what they suffer from,” said Ruberangeyo.

“It is more than just medical support, the soldiers that help me consider me as their sister,” said Cécile Mukamana from Huye district, one of the beneficiaries.

Mukamana was rescued from a dump site, where Intarahamwe militia in Nyaruhengeli had left her for dead among corpses. Her spine had been broken and she had bullet pellets in her body.

She was operated on to fix her spine and remove the bullet pellets.

Since 2006, she said, she is no longer using an armchair, as she can walk for at least 20 minutes, with hope of getting even better.

During the Genocide commemoration event at Nyanza-Kicukiro, last week, the president of Genocide umbrella group, Ibuka, Jean Pierre Dusingizemungu, invited the Army Chief of Staff, Lt. Gen. Charles Kayonga, and showered his institution with praises for supporting survivors.

Source: The New Times

April 15, 2013   No Comments